For the most part, this interest has little to do with the intrinsic importance of the island itself. It has no significant mineral wealth. Nor is it a vital transit route to the Middle East, as it once was. This is significant inasmuch as the relationship between the EU and Turkey could well determine how the union evolves as a regional body and what sort of ties it will have with its neighbours and the wider world.
An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while. No cover image. Read preview. I say chop, chop, chop! Let the axe fall where it may and made official what has already been a de facto partition.
The Cyprus issue is about the question whoowns Cyprus. Is it a Greek island with Turkish intruders to be forced out or an island of Turks and Greeks? The Greeks will not accept any agreement which precludes forcing the Turks out, the Turks will not agree to anything which lets the Greeks force them out.
There the issue stands since when the Greek Cypriots made a coup against the constitution which defined the island as a bicommunal state. Since the constitution is a part of the treaties which made cyprus independent Turkey refuses to recognize the Greek regime as government of Cyprus.
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The Greeks also do not recognize themselves as government of Cyprus and have confiscated all Turkish property in their part of the island. The West is interested in the British bases on the island which they get to keep if the Greeks let them. So they have supported the Greeks. Turks alsi think the west could not care less about Turks' rights which is why these rights are upheld by the Turkish military.
By now the international political situation has deteriorated to a Degree where the West can no longer afford to alienate Turkey. This is why the Economist has written an article saying the partition might be permanent. Let me first say that I am not in the blame game, which causes people to list every bad thing done against them, usually exaggerated, whilst ignores every bad thing done by them. It is this kind of attitude, usually a product of nationalism, which has caused this mess in the first place.
My first post was a response to TonyThomp, whose post I felt did not reflect the full story. I feel that your post also does not reflect the full story. There was fighting amongst the Greeks themselves, some of whom were for Enosis and some were against with inevitable attacks on the Turkish Cypriots as well.
Nobody wanted the invasion, not even Turkey, which was in no position economically to invade and suffered embargos for many years afterwards. As for the Greek Junta depleting defences and acting oblivious, are you seriously suggesting that the Greek Junta was planning their own downfall? It is true that for many years Denktas wrongly rejected many of the UN proposals and insisted on the TRNC, which is isolated from the world.
They just kept quiet, knowing Denktas would have the first refusal. This was accepted by the Turkish Cypriots but rejected by the Greek Cypriots, knowing that their place in the EU was guaranteed and that once in the EU, they would try and get more concessions from the Turkish Cypriots.
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They are one of the founder members of the ROC. If there is to be a solution, both sides must acknowledge that mistakes made by themboth have caused this mess and that things are never going to return to pre days and that the only way to move on is to make concessions.
The attitude of blaming one side for everything, such as the one you are displaying, will only ensure the continuation of the deadlock and the eventual division of Cyprus. Why did you, Turks, bomb Cypriot mosques in and ?
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Who are you people? What are you? As we contemplate our Turkeyish problem in Cyprus and the absurdity of it all, it is useful to reflect on who it is we deal with, their outlook on life, their values and their democratic credentials. And if we do, the word absurd seems inadequate to describe our predicament. How preposterous that a nation as immature politically and socially as Turkey assumes shamelessly, for our western ways, the moral high ground and preaches us on democracy and human values!
Are they ignorant or simply oblivious as their social, political and ethical filters are so foreign to ours? How do they justify in their minds the invasion, division, occupation, ethnic cleansing, cultural destruction, colonization of a land that is not theirs? I do not know how the esteemed economist or great Britain's politicians call it.
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As pure and genuine as it comes. You may call it mild fascism I guess. If he came, as the assertion is, to protect Turkish Cypriots then how come he says to the Turkish Cypriots:. We have martyrs, heroes and strategic interests [on Cyprus]. I think the involvement of the EU has made the Cyprus question even more difficult to tackle than ever before.
Certain countries in the EU are using Cyprus as a stick to beat Turkey with. And Greece isn't one of them! You ask the most basic question that should have been answered 40 years ago before any of these should have taken place. Lack of understanding and inability to incorporate 2 different languages and religions into a system that allowed Turkish and Greek Cypriots to co-exist produced a series of conflicts that drove the Turkish Cypriots away from the government.
We should all ask ourselves whether the conflicts were actually a result of disagreement between the two parties or a guided move by a third party who's interests were benefited at the end. In any case i would kindly point you to the fact that it was not a Greek-Cypriot Coup but rather a Turkish-Cypriot one.
Long talks have got little nearer to solving Europe’s oldest “frozen conflict”
After Makarios proposes alternations to the consitution all Turkish Cyprios decide to withdraw themselves from the parliament rejecting any notion of discussion and thus separating themselves from the Greek-Cypriots. In any case the current constitution is the one activated after Cyprus won it's independency.
I would also point out that theres not a single property confiscated under the legal and elected government of Cyprus. That is under what Turks like to call the Greek side of the island. In contrast thousands of Greek-Cypriots have no right to access their properties that lie under a militaristic single minded Authority that has not been recognised by a single nation under the guidance of the UN i might be mistaken as Azerbaijan was in the process to the last time i checked. I'm not claiming that Greek-Cypriots are all-innocent and free of all charges. I am well aware that during the 60's both parties were driven into montrosities and acts of hatred that meant only harm to everyone.
Finally i would like to ask the original Author of the Economist to modify the image presented as it is misguiding and clearly wrong. The southen side is now the only legal and elected government of Cyprus as recognised by the UN and every nation of the world with the exception of the invading country, Turkey. The northen side is not under turkish cypriot rule. The peculiarity of this case study is that it seems immune to all attempts of peacemaking.
As in any persistent conflict, the literature is abundant, but often one-sided. Although these positions do not invalidate the relevance of the analyses, one has to be cautious in order not to duplicate this standardized discourse. The objective of this article is to determine to what extent the mediation by a multilateral international organization such as the UN can facilitate the peace process in a conflict based on a territorial dispute.
The historical background: from the Greek independence to the Annan Plan. Cyprus, given its geographic position at the Eastern extremity of the Mediterranean, has always been a strategic point in the area and a place of migratory and commercial exchanges.
Historically, the inhabitants of Cyprus are of Hellenic culture, whereas they have successively been under Persian, Greek, Roman, Byzantine, Venetian, then Ottoman domination from to and British domination from to The conflict that still divides the island today originates in the ss, during the independence process.
When the Greek Cypriot community took up arms to assert its independence in the s, the British rulers used Turkish militia to help the colonial troops.
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Greece chose to internationalise the conflict in , by bringing it in the UN arena a multilateral organization newly created at the time because it was afraid of not being able to face alone the British opponent . The Zurich and London Independence Treaties in gave Turkey a right of military intervention in case of major threat to the independence of the island. The Greek community considering these quotas as disproportionate attempted to reform the Constitution in the following years and this situation triggered strong tensions between communities which turned into violent clashes.
This resolution had three implications: the establishment of the UNFICYP, the recognition of the effective control of the Greek Cypriot community on the Cypriot institutions, and the recognition of the UN accountability in the management of the peace process.
Initially, an official mediator was appointed by the Secretary General. Credit Associated Press. In , the conflict that we know today burst. Although the first phase of the Turkish military intervention can be justified by the Treaty of Guarantee signed by Greece, Turkey and Great-Britain in , the second phase clearly exceeds these prerogatives and can thus be considered by the international law as an illegal invasion . The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus TRNC formally declared its independence in but is not recognized by the international community with the exception of Turkey.
Cyprus (Historical Overview) / Rep. of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs
In its Resolution , the UN condemns the Turkish occupation. For twenty years, the situation remained in deadlock, the negotiations including under the auspices of the UN failing repeatedly, and the ceasefire being maintained by the presence of the UN force on the Green Line. In , the Republic of Cyprus presented a formal application for accession to the European Union.
This request was made at the appropriate time, given that enlargement had become a priority for the EU since the end of the Cold War. The European identity of Cyprus was immediately recognized by the EU  , and the Republic of Cyprus officially became an EU member in May the accession including de facto only the southern part of the island.